Do you Have Hypertension? More than 65% of people with suffering from hypertension or high blood pressure and do not know it. This condition often has no symptoms and is often overlooked. Today there are many things you can do to control your hypertension. This is a serious disease that affects millions of people. With the epidemic of obesity in the US, we are also seeing a rise in this serious, but reversible disease.
One in three or over 75 million American children and adults suffer from hypertension. It is the number cause of heart attack and stroke. Hypertension is caused by a lung disorder. It is also called unexplained hypertension, because, the causes are unknown. When the blood pressure in the pulmonary artery is elevated above normal without apparent causes. The pulmonary artery carries oxygen-deficient blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs. The lungs then carry fresh oxygen to the left ventricle which delivers it throughout the body.
Like pulmonary hypertension, doctors are not sure in most cases what causes hypertension. However, they do know what can make it worse. Lifestyle has a lot to do with managing high blood pressure. What it eat and drink, the type of job you have, your family can all contribute to hypertension. Some things can not be controlled, like heredity. Some things are in your control like:
Stress: Constant unmanaged stress in itself, is harmful to the mind and body. It can also make hypertension worse. Stress causes the heart rate to elevate causing the heart to work harder, thus causing blood pressure to rise. These things can affect you:
Obesity: When the body carries extra weight, it causes the heart to work harder.
Smoking: Substances in cigarettes, cigars, and snuff causes blood vessels to narrow, causing the heart to work hard to move through the body and blood pressure to rise
Salt: Too much salt causes the body to retain water, causing blood pressure to rise.
Genetics (cannot be helped): Some people are predisposed to having hypertension. Hypertension can run in families.
Symptoms of Hypertension
Symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension are:
- chest pains
- difficulty breathing
- swelling of ankles and legs
- blue tint to lips and skin
PHH is treated with diuretics, the blood thinner (anticoagulants) or supplemental oxygen. Those who do not respond to these therapies may need and heart or lung transplant.
The Silent Killer
Most of the time, you may have high blood pressure and not know it. That is why it is called the silent killer. It is very important to see your physician regularly. If you can not afford to go to the doctor, most cities have free clinics, that will charge you according to your income. The first thing that will be done, is your blood pressure will be taken. If this condition runs in your family it is very important, to see a doctor every year.
Lifestyle Changes that Help
The blood pressure goal for otherwise healthy people is, less than140 for systolic and less than 90 for diastolic. For people with diabetes or renal disease the goal is 130/80, and for people with heart disease, 140/90. Lifestyle changes can make a big impact on hypertension. Something as low as a 5 to 10-pound weight loss can normalize high blood pressure. Look for natural methods, to control this condition. Many methods are inexpensive, and some don’t cost anything at all.
- Lose weight
- Stop smoking
- Drink in moderation
- Maintain, calcium, magnesium, and potassium
- Reduce cholesterol and saturated fats
- Lower Blood Pressure without Drugs
Medication for Hypertension
When you are pre-hypertensive, your doctor will usually not prescribe medication. He or will usually suggest, diet and exercise changes. Once you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, you will then be given medication. Some medication may cause side effects, such as dizziness when standing, dry mouth, weight gain, or frequent urination.
It is vital that you continue to take medication that has been prescribed. Do not skip doses, even if you feel fine. If you are having uncomfortable side effects, do not stop taking your medicine, but discuss this with your doctor, so that they can make changes to the script. Keep communicating with your physician, until you get the medication that is right for you.